VIDEOS & PHOTOS

UNICEF Living with disabilities in Africa

Source: www.addc.org.au


Disability:                   Physical

Barrier:                      Accessibility

Organisation:             UNICEF

Country:                     Africa, Mali

Case Study:               Individual

 Key Facts:

  • Infectious diseases are estimated to account for 9% of the years lived with disability in low and middle income countries[1]
  •  Polio (poliomyelitis) mainly affects children under five years of age[2]. 
  • One in 200 infections leads to irreversible paralysis. Among those paralysed, 5% to 10% die when their breathing muscles become immobilized[3]. 
  • Polio cases fell by more than 99% in 18 years from 350 000 cases in 1988 to 1604 in 2009[4].
  • 20% of people who live in poverty in developing countries have a disability and all need safe access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities.
  • Social isolation and taboos around discussion of personal hygiene increase exclusion for people with a disability from promotion and education of WASH.
  • Use of hands for support during defecation for people with a disability increases risk of acquiring and transferring disease.
  • Inaccessible or distant water sources can force people with a disability to depend on others for water collection.
  • People with mobility or vision impairments need accessible and safe latrines as open defecation is more difficult due to vulnerability to falls or animal attacks.[5]
  • The most cost-effective way to improve access for children with disabilities is to incorporate accessibility into the design from the outset (inclusive design) rather than making expensive changes later.  

[1] World Health Organization (2008) The Global Burden of Disease, 2004 update. Geneva: World Health Organization. Cited in World Health Organization & World Bank (2011). World Report on Disability. Geneva: World Health Organization, p.32.

[2] World Health Organization (2012). Poliomyelitis: Fact sheet N°114. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs114/en/

 

[3] World Health Organization (2012). Poliomyelitis: Fact sheet N°114. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs114/en/

[4] World Health Organization (2012). Poliomyelitis: Fact sheet N°114. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs114/en/

[5]WaterAid. (2006). Equal Access for All – 2: Water and sanitation access for people with motor disabilities, Briefing Note. Ethiopia: WaterAid. Retrieved from http://www.wateraid.org/documents/plugin_documents/briefing_note_disability.pdf