How to Build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries Manual Part 1

How to Build an Accessible Environment in Developing Countries Manual Part 1

Dec 2008

Manual #2 – Access to water and sanitation facilities
Part 1 – Toilets and closed showers

Handicap International

This booklet is part of a set called “How to build an accessible environment in developing countries” and
represents the first technical manual. Because of its technical content, this manual aims to be used mainly by Ministries, NGOs, DPOs and more in particular technicians (engineers, architects, building companies, NGOs with technical background...). People without specific technical knowledge can use it for learning more about standards, general principles; drawings and pictures will enhance their general understanding.

In this part of the manual, we will focus on how to build accessible water and sanitation (or watsan) facilities, which comprise toilets, closed showers, washing areas and access to clear water. Such facilities are very important, not only to PwD but to everyone because they constitute a component of our everyday life. Several reasons support the fact that every watsan infrastructure should be constructed accessible to

  • For dignity reasons: PwD should not rely on everyone (not even their family) for their intimate needs.
  • For health reasons: being able to access clear water, toilets and washing areas easier, PwDs will need to spend less time to maintain or even increase their hygiene.
  • For economic reasons: the time spent to have access to watsan facilities (by PwD and their families) is potentially some time that can be used to participate in social or economic life.