Disability Inclusive HIV Guidelines India

Disability Inclusive HIV Guidelines India

Guidelines to Foster Disability-Friendly HIV/AIDS Programs
For use by the HIV/AIDS and Disability Sectors in Manipur and Nagaland (North-East India)

Research in a variety of resource-poor settings has demonstrated that people with disability (PWD) are as likely to engage in high HIV risk behaviours as the general population (6-9). The research component of this project found that some PWD living in Nagaland and Manipur may in fact be more vulnerable to HIV infection due to a lack of awareness and knowledge of HIV transmission, social exclusion and poverty. As HIV organisations move to curb the increasing prevalence amongst the general population with mainstream HIV prevention, there is an opportunity to promote the inclusion of the needs of PWD from the outset.

Fostering Disability-Inclusive HIV/AIDS Programs in Manipur and Nagaland is a Department for International Development (DFID) funded project undertaken by the Australian International Health Institute (AIHI), University of Melbourne, and their research partners in the states of Nagaland and Manipur, in collaboration with Project ORCHID and the Emmanuel Hospital Association of India. The first phase of the project involved participatory research and a structured survey to document the risk perceptions of PWD
and HIV programmers and to identify the needs and preferences of PWD in HIV responses. The second phase of the project consisted of state-level Guidelines Drafting Workshops with PWD and representatives from disability and HIV organisations, where findings were presented and participants gave recommendations to make HIV programs more disability-inclusive. Findings and recommendations were used to draft a set of guidelines. The third, and final, phase involved meetings in Imphal and Dimapur to present the draft guidelines to stakeholders and elicit their feedback.

This document incorporates and synthesises a review of published research, the findings of the participatory research component, and the recommendations derived from stakeholders who attended the Guidelines Drafting Workshops and Dissemination Meetings. The document is the final product of the DFID-funded
project, providing Guidelines to Foster Disability-Friendly HIV/AIDS Programs. The Guidelines are intended for use by both the HIV/AIDS and disability sectors in the states of Manipur and Nagaland, but may be relevant in other settings.