RESOURCES

Disability and International Cooperation and Development A Review of Policies and Practices Volume I


Disability and International Cooperation and Development A Review of Policies and Practices Volume I


This review examines recent policies of major multilateral and bilateral agencies, which they have employed to include disability in development aid. It also provides, whenever possible, examples of their programs. This review does not assess the merits or impact of those policies or practices; it only provides their mapping. The content of the summaries of individual organizations and agencies updates and extends previous compilation efforts by Inclusion International (2005 a, b), Disability Awareness in Action (1995), Handicap International/ Christoffel-Blindenmission (2006), and United Nations (2009).
The review indicates the following five emerging trends: (i) disability has become a part of international cooperation and development aid; (ii) international cooperation policies often link disability to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); (iii) the agencies often combine several approaches to frame the inclusion of disability in development, including human rights, participation, inclusion and development; (iv) disability is included both through specific/ targeted and mainstreaming/ inclusion/ integration programs; and (v) approaches, policies and programs are dynamic and have changed over time.