CBM-Accessibility Manual 2005
Promoting Universal Access to the Built Environment Guidelines
According to UN estimates, between six and ten percent of the population in low-income countries lives with disabilities – about 400 million people worldwide. The exclusion of people with disabilities from infrastructure, services, social contact and community activities results in reduced social, educational and economic opportunities, which again increases the risk of people with disabilities
being trapped in or falling further into poverty.
Ensuring access to the built environment is a crucial element in reducing the vulnerability and isolation of people with disabilities: Architectural accessibility facilitates-amongst other areas of accessibility-their chances to find employment, to gain education and access public services, to participate in social and recreational activities and hence, to play an active role in society both economically and socially.
With this publication, CBM aims to provide guidance for improving access to the built environment for people with disabilities and reducing barriers. The publication includes information on the concept and ways of implementing accessibility and inclusive design as well as technical recommendations and good practises for the planning and design of accessible buildings and facilities. It targets architects, planners, policy makers, government officials and NGOs, decision makers in the construction sector and people with disabilities to enable them to promote and improve architectural accessibility throughout the world.