20121001 Disability and Gender Across the Frontiers of Inequality
Disability and Gender Across the Frontiers of Inequality
by Stella Camlot Reicher, Golfieri, Reicher and Storto Lawyers
ABSTRACT: The recognition of all human beings as right-holders at the international level, the impoverishment of the world population and the processes of economic and technological globalization have enabled new paradigms – from the right of development to the right to development. However, deep-routed inequalities still prevent access and enjoyment of minimum core rights necessary for the human condition maintenance.
According to the World Health Survey (WHS), referred to in the World Report on Disability, 51 countries have employment rates of 64.9% (men) and 29.9% (women) against 52.8% (men) and only 19.6% (women) when it comes to persons with disability. Similar gaps are found in the field of education.
In this scenario of disparities, women and girls with disabilities deserve particular attention. Where double vulnerability emphasizes invisibility and exclusion, gender and disability are, in addition to a human rights thematic, a development issue. This paper aims, in light of the social model of human rights and disability, the capability approach and the guarantees provided by the CEDAW and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, to provoke some transversal thoughts regarding gender and disability in order to contribute to the effective inclusion of women and girls with disabilities.