20120725 Towards Inclusive WASH

Towards Inclusive WASH WaterAid 25 July 2012
Sharing evidence and experience from the field

The Human Right to Water and Sanitation
Having access to safe drinking water and sanitation is central to living a life in dignity and upholding human rights. Yet billions of people still do not enjoy these fundamental rights. The rights to water and sanitation require that these are available, accessible, safe, acceptable and affordable for all without discrimination. ... The rights to water and sanitation further require an explicit focus on the most disadvantaged and marginalised. Global progress is leaving the poorest behind.
Huge strides in increasing global access to water and sanitation have been made. On 6 March 2012,
UNICEF announced that the Millennium Development Goals’ (MDG) target for increasing access to safe drinking water had been met. Between 1990 and 2010, two billion people gained access to improved sources. But this progress at the global level masks massive disparities between regions and countries, and within countries. Eleven per cent of the world’s population, or 783 million people, are still without access to improved water sources, and 2.5 billion people still have no access to sanitation. Analysis of access by wealth quintile shows that the richer countries and the wealthiest people have seen the greatest improvement in water and sanitation access, while the poorest people, especially in rural areas, still lag far behind.
This paper presents three steps that can be taken to ensure that WASH programs are inclusive and promote equity for all.
Step 1 is to understand who is excluded and marginalised. 

Step 2 is to analyse how these people are excluded from WASH, and 

Step 3 is to design WASH programs to overcome the multiple barriers they face.