20110709 Inclusive Design of School Latrines

20110709 Inclusive Design of School Latrines
Children with disabilities – physical, sensory (blindness, deafness), intellectual, or mental health impairments – are recognised as one of the groups least likely to be enrolled in school. 5% or less complete primary school1, leaving them more at risk of poverty. Disabled girls are particularly affected.
Many of these children could participate in education if the school environment was accessible. School planning and construction rarely consider
issues of accessibility and barrier free design, either because of lack of awareness, or because of a perception that it must be expensive. Making public infrastructure accessible can cost less than 1% of total construction costs, if accessibility is planned from the outset. However, this evidence
is not specifically related to water and sanitation. Limited data from WaterAid estimates that it costs 8% extra to make a school latrine accessible. Research carried out by WEDC in collaboration with World Vision and WaterAid in Ethiopia found the additional cost of making a school latrine accessible to be under 3% of total costs.