RESOURCES

20110502 Identification of First Graders at Risk of Reading and Writing Difficulties


20110502 Identification of First Graders at Risk of Reading and Writing Difficulties

Creating a Group-Based Screening Tool in Kiswahili in Tanzania

Early identification of beginning readers at risk of developing reading and
writing difficulties plays an important role in the prevention and provision of
appropriate intervention. In Tanzania, as in other countries, there are children in
schools who are at risk of developing reading and writing difficulties. Many of
these children complete school without being identified and without proper and
relevant support. The main language in Tanzania is Kiswahili, a transparent
language. Contextually relevant, reliable and valid instruments of identification
are needed in Tanzanian schools. This study aimed at the construction and
validation of a group-based screening instrument in the Kiswahili language for
identifying beginning readers at risk of reading and writing difficulties. In
studying the function of the test there was special interest in analyzing the
explanatory power of certain contextual factors related to the home and school.