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20110501 WASH assessment in schools in Belize


20110501 WASH assessment in schools in Belize

Data from the 2009 assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in Belizean schools are analyzed and presented with regard to the state of WASH facilities, practices and education Results from the 2011 evaluation of the “WASH Project” in Southern Belize are included where relevant to validate results from 2009. The principal challenges for WASH in Belizean schools and elements of effective school WASH administration are also presented. The most common challenges, on a national level, include:

Sanitation Access: sufficient quantity of toilets and urinals toilets accessible to students with physical disabilities
Water Management: treating water at schools when water is not treated at the source limiting presence of standing water
Hygiene Management: promotion of hygiene practices such as handwashing with soap provision of soap

Based on quantitative composite indices calculated for each district, there is no statistically significant difference in average WASH access and conditions between districts. District reports are provided including a list of specific WASH needs in each district, but on average, schools challenged by WASH access and management tend to be spread throughout the country. The rural schools typically lag behind urban schools with respect to WASH access, but the condition of WASH facilities and hygiene education indicate that WASH management, on average, is similar between rural and urban schools.