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20091201Disability in National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS


20091201Disability in National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS

A review on the national response to the interrelations of disability and HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) recognises that vulnerable populations with limited access to their basic human rights are often at increased risk of becoming infected with HIV. As a vulnerable and marginalised population, people with physical, mental, intellectual or sensory disabilities are as likely, if not more likely, to be at risk of HIV infection. Additionally, people living with HIV (PLHIV) may become disabled (either permanently or on an episodic basis) as a result of HIV and AIDS. As a result, integrating the needs of people with disabilities within national responses to HIV and AIDS is a vital component of reducing the impact of the epidemic.
This report analyses National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plans (NSPs)  in Eastern and Southern Africa, in response to the recently released UNAIDS Disability and HIV Policy Brief. The report looks at the extent to which these NSPs integrate and address the special needs of people with disabilities as a population vulnerable to HIV and AIDS, as well as the needs of PLHIV who may become disabled (either permanently or on an episodic basis) as a result of HIV and AIDS, in order to:  Provide an understanding of how countries in Southern and Eastern Africa address disability  Highlight strengths and weaknesses within NSPs in relation to disability, and

  • Provide an understanding of how countries in Southern and Eastern Africa address disability
  • Highlight strengths and weaknesses within NSPs in relation to disability, and
  • Provide information and recommendations to enable policy and law makers to address disability in NSPs, and to enable civil society to lobby for change.

The report examines the NSPs of 18 countries, namely Angola, Botswana,DRC, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Africa,
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Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.