20060710 Poverty and Disability Fact Sheet

Poverty and Disability

Disability and poverty reinforce one another - intensifying marginalization and insecurity for people with disabilities (PwD). PwDs are among the poorest of the poor, while people living in poverty are more at risk than others to become disabled. According to the UN, 10% of the world’s population have a disability, with about 75% living in the developing world. ,
Collectively, PwDs have limited access to health care and education; have difficulty finding employment; face high levels of stigma and discrimination; and are commonly denied their rights - factors causing economic vulnerability and social exclusion for themselves and their families.
In turn, poor households rarely have access to adequate food, shelter, hygiene and sanitation facilities, potable water, and preventive health care facilities; characteristics known to exacerbate poverty and increase the risks of disability.
Women and girls with disabilities, along with the elderly are the most vulnerable groups prone to poverty, and face layers of stigma and discrimination. (See the women and girls fact sheet for more information.)
UNICEF further highlights the link between poverty and disability by pointing out that up to 150 million children with disabilities are likely to remain illiterate, untrained and end up unemployed because of inadequate access to child care services, schools and other social services. (See the education fact sheet for more information.)