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20051101 Disability Poverty and Schooling in Developing Countries. World Bank


20051101 Disability Poverty and Schooling in Developing Countries. World Bank


This paper analyzes the relationship between whether a young person has a disability, the
poverty status of their household, and their school participation using 11 household
surveys from nine developing countries. Between 1 and 2 percent of the population is
identified as having a disability. Youth with disabilities sometimes live in poorer
households, but the extent of this concentration is typically neither large nor statistically
significant. However, youth with disabilities are almost always substantially less likely to
start school, and in some countries have lower transition rates resulting in lower schooling
attainment. The order of magnitude of the school participation disability deficit is often
larger than those associated with other characteristics such as gender, rural residence, or
economic status differentials.