RESOURCES

20050201 Differences in Disability among Older Women and Men in Egypt and Tunisia


20050201 Differences in Disability among Older Women and Men in Egypt and Tunisia

Research on child survival and health has indicated disparities between boys and girls in selected
Middle Eastern countries. Health disparities in later life are understudied in this region. In this article, we
examine differences between women and men in later-life activity limitation in Egypt and Tunisia. Difficulty
executing physical tasks is more common for women than for men in both study sites, although differences are
smaller after adjustment for underlying illness. Differences in the difficulty of executing physical tasks also are
sensitive to environmental controls in variable ways across the study sites. The findings caution against the
sole use of reported disability in comparative studies of gender and aging.