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20040806 ILO Vietnam Training and Employment of People with Disabilities


20040806 ILO Vietnam Training and Employment of People with Disabilities

Training and Employment of People with Disabilities: Viet Nam 2002 is part of the
AbilityAsia Country Study Series. It was first published in print format by the ILO Office in
Viet Nam in 2003 and is available in both English and Vietnamese.
The AbilityAsia Country Study Series was designed as a contribution to the end of the
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) Asia and Pacific Decade
of Disabled Persons, 1993-2002, and to mark the 20th anniversary of the International Labour
Organization (ILO)’s Convention No. 159 Concerning Vocational Rehabilitation and
Employment (Disabled Persons).
One of the primary objectives of the series is to contribute to the knowledge base on people
with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific. According to World Health Organization estimates,
people with disabilities represent 10 per cent of the population of developing countries. Yet,
in many countries people with disabilities are “invisible”. Little reliable data exists about
their numbers, needs and achievements. While they are recognized as among the poorest of
the poor, people with disabilities typically face barriers to the very services that might lift
them out of poverty, such as education, vocational training, and employment and business
development services.
Another objective of the Country Study Series is to provide baseline data about the status of
education, training and employment for people with disabilities. This takes on greater
significance in light of the ESCAP proclamation to extend the Asia and Pacific Decade of
Disabled Persons, 1993-2002, for another decade, 2003-2012. In October 2002, governments
from across the region adopted the Biwako Millennium Framework (BMF) for Action
towards an Inclusive, Barrier-free and Rights-based Society for Persons with Disabilities as
the regional policy guideline for the new Decade of Disabled Persons. The BMF includes
targets and actions in several priority areas, including training and employment. With regard
to the BMF, Training and Employment of People with Disabilities: Viet Nam 2002 should
prove useful as an evaluation tool since it provides a baseline description of the situation in
Viet Nam against which progress can be compared.