RESOURCES

20040421 UNICEF Examples of Inclusive Education in Sri Lanka


20040421 UNICEF Examples of Inclusive Education in Sri Lanka

This study focuses on the education of children with disabilities in Sri Lanka. From early in the
twentieth century, significant initiatives have been taken for the welfare of disabled people in Sri
Lanka, mainly by missionaries and charitable groups. The provision of education for children with
special educational needs through an institutional system can be traced back to 1912, when the
Church of England established the first residential special school for the deaf and blind. Voluntary
social service agencies and private citizens took an interest in establishing special schools. In
1960, the government in Sri Lanka assumed full responsibility for the education of children, and
began to nationalize private and religious schools. It was not until 1964, however, that the first
government school for the physically and mentally handicapped was built in Sri Lanka.This study
attempts to review the current status of education for children with disabilities in Sri Lanka in terms
of magnitude, policies, resources and practices; and assembles a series of good practice models
of special needs and inclusive education initiatives. The purpose of the study is to increase the
knowledge base and strengthen the capacity of educators and programmers to develop or improve
existing programmes focusing on inclusive education for children with disabilities. It is also
expected to serve as an advocacy tool for promoting inclusive education in Sri Lanka.