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20040317 Disability Pensions and Social security Reform Analysis of the Latin Ameriecan Experience


20040317 Disability Pensions and Social security Reform Analysis of the Latin Ameriecan Experience
World Bank Report
This paper describes the disability pension arrangements prevailing in ten Latin American countries that reformed their pension systems. The analysis is limited to the topic of disability pensions, without attempting to evaluate other critical aspects such as the available infrastructure: handicapped access generally (ramps, blind cues), medical and nursing support, home care, and so on. The relative significance of disability pensions is highly dependant on these factors and, however, they are really limited in most countries of Latin America.
From a social and financial perspective, there is a big challenge to find ways to prevent abuse on one side and not be very restrictive on the other. The total number of social security beneficiaries can be divided into three main programs: old age, survivorship and disability. The participation of the latter varies from 8% in Chile (33 out of 441 thousand, AIOS, 2003) to 19% in Mexico (0.3 out of 1.7 million, IMSS, 2002).