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20000404 Disability Issues Trends and Recommendations World Bank


20000404 Disability Issues Trends and Recommendations World Bank

This paper is intended to provide the World Bank with the information and insights necessary for
policy formulation and strategic planning in the area of disability. After describing the two major
contemporary disability definitions and comparing their suitability for disability policy and
planning, the paper presents a descriptive analysis of the evolution and current status of disability
policy and practice. Based on this information, a political and economic case is made in favor of
investing public and private resources, including World Bank resources, in policies and strategies
designed to increase access for people with disabilities to social and economic opportunities. The
essential elements of such policies and strategies are then described and incorporated into a
strategic framework for possible use by the World Bank in its ongoing effort to develop
appropriate and cost-effective approaches to disability.