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130806 Spatial Variation in the disability poverty correlation Evidence from Vietnam


Spatial Variation in the Disability-Poverty Correlation: Evidence from Vietnam

Daniel Mont and Cuong Nguyen

Leonard Cheshire Disability and Inclusive Development Centre
Working Paper Series: No. 20

Poverty and disability are interrelated, but data that can disentangle the extent to which one causes the other is not available. However, data from Vietnam allows us to examine this interrelationship in a way not previously done. Using small area estimation techniques, we uncover three findings not yet reported in the literature. First, disability prevalence rates vary significantly within a county even at the
district level. Second, the correlation between disability and poverty also varies at the district level. And most importantly, the strength of the correlation lessens based on district characteristics that can be affected by policy. Districts with better health care and infrastructure, such as roads and health services, show less of a link between disability and poverty, supporting the hypothesis that improvements
in infrastructure and rehabilitation services can lessen the impact of disability on families with disabled members.