130516 WHO Draft comprehensive mental health action plan 2013-2020

130516 WHO Draft comprehensive mental health action plan 2013-2020

Report by the Secretariat

The burden of mental disorders continues to grow with significant impacts on health and major social, human rights and economic consequences in all countries across the world.
In May 2012, the Sixty-fifth World Health Assembly adopted resolution WHA65.4 on the global burden of mental disorders and the need for a comprehensive, coordinated response from health and social sectors at the country level. It urged Member States inter alia to develop and strengthen comprehensive policies and strategies that address the promotion of mental health, prevention of mental disorders, and early identification, care, support, treatment and recovery of persons with mental disorders. It also requested the Director-General, inter alia, to develop a comprehensive mental health action plan, in consultation with Member States, covering services, policies, legislation, plans, strategies and programmes.

A “zero draft” of the action plan, covering the period 2013–2020, was written and used as the basis for consultation with Member States, civil society and international partners. Consultations were held through five regional meetings, a Global Forum on Mental Health, a web-based consultation and an informal consultation with Member States. Feedback was received from 135 Member States, 60 WHO collaborating centres and academic centres, 76 nongovernmental organizations, as well as 17 other organizations and individual experts. The informal consultation with Member States was also used as an opportunity to present and discuss the feedback received through the previous consultations and to receive direction on the final draft of the action plan.

Pursuant to resolution WHA65.4, the draft comprehensive mental health action plan 2013–2020, addresses the disease, social and economic burdens and human rights consequences of mental disorders. It proposes clear actions for Member States and international, regional and national-level partners, as well as actions for the Secretariat. It also contains proposed indicators and targets that can be used to evaluate levels of implementation, progress and impact.