111102 Framework for the inclusion of disability in the national strategic plans on hiv and aids
111102 Framework for the inclusion of disability in the national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS
The growing available evidence suggests a strong interrelationship between HIV, AIDS and disability. This increased risk is reflected in the few HIV-Prevalence Studies that include people with disabilities, which suggest that infection levels are equal to or higher than the national average, and that girls and women with disabilities are particularly at risk. Second, it has been argued that people living with HIV (PLHIV) experience disability as a result of HIV-related stigma and discrimination that they experience. Third, there is increasing evidence that PLHIV may experience HIV-related disability either as a result of HIV, AIDS or, as a side-effect of HIV-related treatment.
However, despite the growing evidence on the interrelationship between disability and HIV, PWD have largely been excluded from the national response to HIV and AIDS and existing related frameworks. National Strategic Plans (NSP) often fail to identify the vulnerability of people with disabilities to HIV as well as the reverse relationship of PLHIV to disability. Inclusion in this framework allows a human rights-based approach, based on disability rights set out in the CRPD, and its principles of universal design and reasonable accommodation.
This framework is a tool to guide the development and review of NSPs across the globe in terms of their disability-inclusiveness, and to realize the commitments of the CRPD and the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in advancing important policy frameworks in the context of HIV and AIDS. The framework, its language and its content, has been developed in alignment with regional and international commitments relating to HIV and to disability. It reflects the structure and format of current NSPs and includes step by step guidelines on integrating disability into plans and programmes at different levels. As such, it may provide guidance, accountability or can be used as a template.