RESOURCES

100913 CBR Guidelines Health Component UN


100913 CBR Guidelines Health Component UN

WHO UNESCO ILO IDDC

Unfortunately, evidence shows that people with disabilities often experience poorer levels of health than the general population and face various challenges to the enjoyment of their right to health. The right to health is not only about access to health services; it is also about access to the underlying determinants of health, such as safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and housing. The right to health also contains freedoms and entitlements. These freedoms include the right to be free from nonconsensual medical treatment such as
experiments and research and the right to be free from torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatments. The health-related entitlements include the right to a system of health protection; the right to prevention, treatment and control of diseases; access to essential medicines; and participation in health-related decision-making.

Community-based rehabilitation (CBR) programmes support people with disabilities in attaining their highest possible level of health, working across five key areas: health promotion, prevention, medical care, rehabilitation and assistive devices. CBR facilitates inclusive health by working with the health sector to ensure access for all people with disabilities, advocating for health services to accommodate the rights of people with disabilities and be responsive, community-based and participatory. Although CBR has historically focused on the health sector, as health is influenced by many factors, there is a need for multisectoral collaboration and inclusion and for CBR programmes to work across many different sectors, such as education and employment. Given the size of the topic of health, this component focuses primarily on those CBR activities that take place within the health sector.