RESOURCES

100913 CBR Guidelines Education Component UN


100913 CBR Guidelines Education Component UN

WHO UNESCO ILO IDDC

Education is about all people being able to learn what they need and want throughout their lives, according to their potential. It includes “learning to know, to do, to live together and to be”. Education takes place in the family, the community, schools and institutions, and in society as a whole. The universal right to education is firmly established in international instruments that have global endorsement: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 26, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Article 28.
 
While international instruments state that primary education should be free and compulsory for all children without discrimination, it is widely accepted that in practice this is not happening, hence recent agreements have emphasized the need to:
• expand and improve early childhood care and education;
• achieve free, compulsory and quality primary education for all;
• ensure equal access to appropriate learning, life skills programmes and basic and continuing education for all adults;
• promote gender equality;
• facilitate inclusion of marginalized, vulnerable and discriminated groups at all levels.

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities reaffirms the rights discussed above and is the first legally binding instrument to state specifically the right to inclusive education: States Parties shall ensure an “inclusive education system at all levels” (Article 24, para. 1), and States Parties should also ensure that “effective individualized support measures are provided in environments that maximize academic and
social development, consistent with the goal of full inclusion” (Article 24, para. 2(e)). This includes the learning of Braille, sign language, various modes, means and formats of communication, and orientation and mobility skills.