100906 CBR policy 2010 CBM

100906 CBR policy 2010 CBM

CBM is one of the largest International Non-Government Organisations (INGOs) working in the field of disability and development. Forming local partnerships, it reaches out globally to millions of people with disabilities around the globe.  One of the important strategies CBM employs in achieving its aim is Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR). CBM supports local partners using the CBR strategy and this
support has grown over the years both in terms of numbers of partners and in the range of disabilities being addressed. At the same time, the CBR strategy has been expanding beyond the traditional focus on health to encompass inclusive education, livelihood, accessibility, disaster management, self-empowerment1 and inclusion in society. Therefore, there has been a paradigm shift towards inclusive development and cross-disability engagement.

The evolution of CBR is directly linked to the evolution of the prevailing understanding of disability. CBR is one of the strategies deployed to eliminate barriers to development; it aims to address the causes of disability; and to deliver quality services and programmes.

The CBR Joint Position Paper (WHO, ILO and UNESCO) adds that CBR is “a strategy within general community development for the rehabilitation, equalisation of opportunities, poverty reduction and social inclusion of all people with disabilities.” 

The Joint Position Paper reflects the evolution of CBR from a service delivery to a community development strategy and strongly recommends:

  • Community participation and community ownership of programmes, two essential ingredients for sustainability. 
  • People with disabilities, like everyone else, should have equitable and barrier-free access to all services and opportunities, such as health services, education, poverty alleviation and livelihood programmes, social justice, cultural and religious events, and to social relationships. 
  • The central role of people with disabilities their families and their organisations (DPOs) in implementing and managing programmes using the CBR strategy. 
  • Partnership between government, DPOs, non-government agencies, business sectors, faith-based groups and other community organisations.