RESOURCES

080901 Inclusive Education where there are few resources


080901 Inclusive Education where there are few resources
 
Education as a right for all children has been enshrined in international instruments since the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Education for All movement and subsequent instruments have pointed out that particular groups are especially vulnerable to exclusion.

However, the right to education does not automatically imply inclusion. The right to inclusive education was initially clearly stated in the Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action which emphasised that schools need to change and adapt. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities established inclusive education as a legal right. The importance of proper resourcing for inclusion is highlighted in the UN Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities and other disability documents. There is still a long way to go before Education for All becomes a reality, and it will not work unless there is more grassroots participation and effective allocation of resources. Poverty alleviation is a priority along with other Millennium Development Goals. Education for All, and therefore inclusive education, are development issues that will not progress unless simultaneous measures are taken to reduce poverty. 
 
Inclusive education has diverse origins and infl uences, which include: communities; activists and advocates; professional-based movements (quality education, school improvement, school effectiveness, special needs); international governmental and non-governmental agencies; and he realities of the world situation and practical experience. Some infl uences are stronger than others. All have a contribution to make, though they rarely work together. Grassroots perspectives always need to be sought, but community and activist voices are often insuffi ciently listened to. Inclusive education is not new; indigenous communities tended to be more inclusive before the colonial era.